June 20, 2021

profile Habib umar bin hafiz

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    Hussein Al-ba'bud

    [b]Al-Habib \’Umar bin Hafiz[/b]

    [b]He is al-Habib ‘Umar the son of Muhammad the son of Salim the son of Hafiz the son of Abd-Allah the son of Abi Bakr the son of ‘Aidarous the son of al-Hussain the son of al-Shaikh Abi Bakr the son of Salim the son of ‘Abd-Allah the son of ‘Abd-al-Rahman the son of ‘Abd-Allah the son of al-Shaikh ‘Abd-al-Rahman al-Saqqaf the son of Muhammad Maula al-Daweela the son of ‘Ali the son of ‘Alawi the son of al-Faqih al-Muqaddam Muhammad the son of ‘Ali the son of Muhammad Sahib al-Mirbat the son of ‘Ali Khali‘ Qasam the son of ‘Alawi the son of Muhammad the son of ‘Alawi the son of ‘Ubaidallah the son of al-Imam al-Muhajir to Allah Ahmad the son of ‘Isa the son of Muhammad the son of ‘Ali al-‘Uraidi the son of Ja\’far al-Sadiq the son of Muhammad al-Baqir the son of ‘Ali Zain al-‘Abidin the son of Hussain the grandson, the son of both ‘Ali the son of Abu Talib and of Fatimah al-Zahra the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad r.

    He was born in Tarim, Hadramaut one of the ancient cities of Yemen that became known far and wide due to the abundance of scholars and pious people that it has produced over the centuries. He was raised in a household that possessed a tradition of Islamic scholarship as well as righteousness with his father being the famous martyr, the Erudite, the Preacher, Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz bin Shaikh Abu Bakr bin Salim. His father was one of the scholars of Islam that dedicated their lives to the spread of Islam and the teaching of the Sacred Law and the lofty teachings of Islam. He was tragically abducted by communist forces and presumed dead, may Allah have mercy upon him. Likewise his grandfathers al-Habib Salim bin Hafiz and al-Habib Hafiz bin Abd-Allah were scholars who were highly respected by the scholars of their day. Allah prepared appropriate conditions for al-Habib ‘Umar in terms of both his connection with the people of knowledge and piety from within his very household as well as the environment and society in which he was raised.

    Having memorised the Qur’an at a very early age he also memorised the core texts in fiqh, hadith, Arabic Language and other religious sciences thereby adhering to the circles of knowledge that were held by many traditional scholars such as Muhammad bin ‘Alawi bin Shihab and al-Shaikh Fadl Baa Fadl and other scholars who taught at the famous Ribat of Tarim. Naturally he studied many sciences including the spiritual sciences from his father the martyr al-Habib Muhammad bin Salim acquiring from him a deep love and concern for da\’wah and religious counsels in the way of Allah. His father paid a lot of attention to the young ‘Umar with him constantly being at the side of his father in circles of knowledge and dhikr. Tragically al-Habib ‘Umar accompanied his father to the Jum‘ah prayer from which he has abducted by the communist forces, with the young ‘Umar returning home alone with his fathers shawl, with his father never to be seen again. Thus the young ‘Umar began to assume the responsibility of continuing the work done by his father in the field of Da‘wah it was as if his fathers shawl was a banner which he had given to his youngest child before being martyred. Thus, with the banner held aloft he began, vigourously, the arduous journey of exhorting the people, arranging conferences and da‘wah. His vigourous attempt at continuing the work of his father began to bear fruits. Classes were being held for the young and the old in local mosques where opportunities to memorise the Qur’an and to study the traditional sciences were being offered. He indeed had grasped the Book firmly it being evident that he had been given something special from Allah despite his young age. This however began to cause great concern for his safety with it eventually culminating in him being sent to the city of al-Bayda’ which is situated in the then North Yemen away from the grasp of those who may wish to inflict harm on the young sayyid. There began another important phase in his development. Enrolled at the Ribat of al-Bayda’ he began to study the traditional sciences under the expert tutelage of the great al-Habib Muhammad bin ‘Abd-Allah al-Haddar, may Allah have mercy upon him, as well as under the Shafi‘i jurist and scholar al-Habib Zain bin Sumait, may Allah preserve him. His promise was confirmed when he was appointed as a teacher soon after. Likewise he continued his exhausting efforts in the field of Da‘wah. This time the scene was to be al-Bayda’ and her neighbouring towns and villages. No stone was left unturned in his attempt to revive the love of Allah and His r Messenger in the hearts of the people. Classes were established, lectures were held people were counseled. His work which deprived him of much sleep and rest began to have a major impact on all those that came in contact with it, especially the youth who previously had been resolved to a empty and shallow life but now had undergone internal transformations to the point that life now had a purpose, they were proud of their new found Islamic identity wearing the cloaks of Islam and beginning to focus their attention on acquiring the noble traits of the Messenger of Allah r. Thus a large group of people from those he had influenced began to gather round him assist him in his da‘wah efforts and teaching commitments in various cities and towns in Northern Yemen. Within this period he began to visit many neighbouring towns and communities across Yemen from the northern city of Ta\’iz in order to take knowledge from the mufti of Ta‘iz al-Habib Ibrahim bin Aqil bin Yahya who began to show him much love and attention likewise he received similar treatment from his Shaikh al-Habib Muhammad al-Haddar to the extent that he gave him his daughters hand in marriage after having noticed in him the lofty traits of uprightness and intelligence.

    It was not soon after that he set out on the arduous journey to perform the prescribed pilgrimage to Makka and to visit the Prophet r in Madina. During his trip to the Hijaz he was blessed with the opportunity to study several books of their most prominent scholars especially those of al-Habib \’Abdul Qadir bin Ahmad al-Saqqaf who saw in the young ‘Umar a youthful vigor full with of the love of Allah and his Messenger r totally absorbed in the spread of knowledge and righteousness amongst mankind such that he became endeared to al-Habib Abdul Qadir one of his greatest teachers. Likewise he was blessed to have received knowledge and guidance from the other two pillars of righteousness in the Hijaz al-Habib Ahmed Mashur al-Haddad and al-Habib \’Attas al-Habashi.

    Thus the name al-Habib Umar bin Hafiz began to spread far and wide in the land especially due to his unrelenting effort in establishing the call to Islam and reviving its traditionally based teachings this mass popularity did not in any way detract from his academic endeavors on the contrary it provided him with an additional source from which high aspirations could be maintained. No time was wasted, every moment was filled with the remembrance of Allah in its multiple manifestations and in its differing situations and locations. His overt concern with the spiritual development of especially those who kept his company was to become one of his most distinguishing traits one for which his name would spread even as far as the New World.

    The land of Oman would be the next phase in the move towards fifteenth century renewal. After responding positively to the invitation of a group of Muslims who possessed a deep desire to benefit from his teachings he left the land of his birth and was not to return for several years. Seeds of erudition and piety were sewn as well in the eastern Yemeni town of Shihr, his first stop on his return to Hadramaut Yemen. There his teachings began to crystalise in the development of the Ribat al-Mustafa. This would be a major turning point for and it could signal in more ways than one the completion of the theoretical aspect of this work and the bringing forth of tangible realities that would embody the prophetic teachings.

    The return to Tarim would signal a metamorphosis of all those years he had spent in learning, teaching, in the development of others spiritually in the establishment of the call and enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong. Dar-al-Mustafa would be his gift to the world and to it the world was summoned. In what would seem such a short time the people of Tarim would witness the convergence of students from lands far and wide upon a city that was on the verge of being forgotten whilst under the rule of communist infidels. Students from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, The Comorus Islands, Tanzania, Kenya, Egypt, Great Britain, Pakistan, United states and Canada as well as other Arab states and countries would be under the watchful eye of Habib Umar. They would become agents in what is now becoming an authentic attempt at reviving traditional Islam in the fifteenth century after the flight. The rise of similar Islamic institutions in Yemen and abroad under the management of al-Habib Umar would again be a major impatice in the spread of Knowledge and good behavior and provide the common people with opportunities that they had previously been deprived of.

    Habib ‘Umar currently lives in Tarim Yemen where he oversees the development of Dar al-Mustafa and the many schools that have been set up under his management. He still maintains an active role in the propagation of the religion of Islam such that he may spend most of the year traveling all over the world in pursuit of such noble activities.[color=#0000FF][/color][color=#008000][/color]

    wahyu dwi purnomo

    aslmkm… mohon di artikan ke bahasa indonesia…



    Al-Habib \’Umar bin Hafiz

    Beliau adalah al-Habib ‘Umar putera dari Muhammad putera dari Salim putera dari Hafiz putera dari Abd-Allah putera dari Abi Bakr putera dari‘Aidarous putera dari al-Hussain putera dari al-Shaikh Abi Bakr putera dari Salim putera dari ‘Abd-Allah putera dari ‘Abd-al-Rahman putera dari ‘Abd-Allah putera dari al-Shaikh ‘Abd-al-Rahman al-Saqqaf putera dari Muhammad Maula al-Daweela putera dari ‘Ali putera dari ‘Alawi putera dari al-Faqih al-Muqaddam Muhammad putera dari ‘Ali putera dari Muhammad Sahib al-Mirbat putera dari ‘Ali Khali‘ Qasam putera dari ‘Alawi putera dari Muhammad putera dari ‘Alawi putera dari ‘Ubaidallah putera dari al-Imam al-Muhajir to Allah Ahmad putera dari ‘Isa putera dari Muhammad putera dari ‘Ali al-‘Uraidi putera dari Ja\’far al-Sadiq putera dari Muhammad al-Baqir putera dari ‘Ali Zain al-‘Abidin putera dari Hussain sang cucu laki-laki, putera dari pasangan ‘Ali putera dari Abu Talib dan Fatimah al-Zahra puteri dari Rasul Muhammad s.a.w.

    Beliau terlahir di Tarim, Hadramaut, salah satu kota tertua di Yaman yang menjadi sangat terkenal di seluruh dunia dengan berlimpahnya para ilmuwan dan para alim ulama yang dihasilkan kota ini selama berabad-abad. Beliau dibesarkan di dalam keluarga yang memiliki tradisi keilmuan Islam dan kejujuran moral dengan ayahnya yang adalah seorang pejuang martir yang terkenal, Sang Intelektual, Sang Da’i Besar, Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz bin Shaikh Abu Bakr bin Salim. Ayahnya adalah salah seorang ulama intelektual Islam yang mengabdikan hidup mereka demi penyebaran agama Islam dan pengajaran Hukum Suci serta aturan-aturan mulia dalam Islam. Beliau secara tragis diculik oleh kelompok komunis dan diperkirakan telah meninggal, semoga Allah mengampuni dosa-dosanya. Demikian pula kedua kakek beliau, al-Habib Salim bin Hafiz dan al-Habib Hafiz bin Abd-Allah yang merupakan para intelektual Islam yang sangat dihormati kaum ulama dan intelektual Muslim pada masanya. Allah seakan menyiapkan kondisi-kondisi yang sesuai bagi al-Habib ‘Umar dalam hal hubungannya dengan para intelektual muslim disekitarnya serta kemuliaan yang muncul dari keluarganya sendiri dan dari lingkungan serta masyarakat dimana ia dibesarkan.

    Beliau telah mampu menghafal Al Qur’an pada usia yang sangat muda dan ia juga menghafal berbagai teks inti dalam fiqh, hadith, Bahasa Arab dan berbagai ilmu-ilmu keagamaan yang membuatnya termasuk dalam lingkaran keilmuan yang dipegang teguh oleh begitu banyaknya ulama-ulama tradisional seperti Muhammad bin ‘Alawi bin Shihab dan al-Shaikh Fadl Baa Fadl serta para ulama lain yang mengajar di Ribat, Tarim yang terkenal itu. Maka beliau pun mempelajari berbagai ilmu termasuk ilmu-ilmu spiritual keagamaan dari ayahnya yang meninggal syahid, al-Habib Muhammad bin Salim, yang darinya didapatkan cinta dan perhatiannya yang mendalam pada da\’wah dan bimbingan atau tuntunan keagamaan dengan cara Allah s.w.t. Ayahnya begitu memperhatikan sang ‘Umar kecil yang selalu berada di sisi ayahnya di dalam lingkaran ilmu dan dhikr.
    Namun secara tragis, ketika al-Habib ‘Umar sedang menemani ayahnya untuk sholat Jum‘ah, ayahnya diculik oleh golongan komunis, dan sang ‘Umar kecil sendirian pulang ke rumahnya dengan masih membawa syal milik ayahnya, dan sejak saat itu ayahnya tidak pernah terlihat lagi. Ini menyebabkan ‘Umar muda menganggap bahwa tanggung jawab untuk meneruskan pekerjaan yang dilakukan ayahnya dalam bidang Da‘wah sama seperti seakan-akan syal sang ayah menjadi bendera yang diberikan padanya di masa kecil sebelum beliau mati syahid. Sejak itu, dengan sang bendera dikibarkannya tinggi-tinggi, ia memulai, secara bersemangat, perjalanan penuh perjuangan, mengumpulkan orang-orang, membentuk Majelis-majelis dan da’wah. Perjuangan dan usahanya yang keras demi melanjutkan pekerjaan ayahnya mulai membuahkan hasil. Kelas-kelas mulai dibuka bagi anak muda maupun orang tua di mesjid-mesjid setempat dimana ditawarkan berbagai kesempatan untuk menghafal Al Qur’an dan untuk belajar ilmu-ilmu tradisional.

    Ia sesungguhnya telah benar-benar memahami Kitab Suci sehingga ia telah diberikan sesuatu yang khusus dari Allah meskipun usianya masih muda. Namun hal ini mulai mengakibatkan kekhawatiran akan keselamatannya dan akhirnya diputuskan beliau dikirim ke kota al-Bayda’ yang terletak di tempat yang disebut Yaman Utara yang menjadikannya jauh dari jangkauan mereka yang ingin mencelakai sang sayyid muda.

    Disana dimulai babak penting baru dalam perkembangan beliau. Masuk sekolah Ribat di al-Bayda’ ia mulai belajar ilmu-ilmu tradisional dibawah bimbingan ahli dari yang Mulia al-Habib Muhammad bin ‘Abd-Allah al-Haddar, semoga Allah mengampuninya, dan juga dibawah bimbingan ulama mazhab Shafi‘i al-Habib Zain bin Sumait, semoga Allah melindunginya. Janji beliau terpenuhi ketika akhirnya ia ditunjuk sebagai seorang guru tak lama sesudahnya. Ia juga terus melanjutkan perjuangannya yang melelahkan dalam bidang Da‘wah.

    Kali ini tempatnya adalah al-Bayda’ dan kota-kota serta desa-desa disekitarnya. Tiada satu pun yang terlewat dalam usahanya untuk mengenalkan kembali cinta kasih Allah dan Rasul-Nya s.a.w pada hati mereka seluruhnya. Kelas-kelas dan majelis didirikan, pengajaran dimulai dan orang-orang dibimbing. Usaha beliau yang demikian gigih menyebabkannya kekurangan tidur dan istirahat mulai menunjukkan hasil yang besar bagi mereka tersentuh dengan ajarannya, terutama para pemuda yang sebelumnya telah terjerumus dalam kehidupan yang kosong dan dangkal, namun kini telah mengalami perubahan mendalam hingga mereka sadar bahwa hidup memiliki tujuan, mereka bangga dengan indentitas baru mereka sebagai orang Islam, mengenakan sorban/selendang Islam dan mulai memusatkan perhatian mereka untuk meraih sifat-sifat luhur dan mulia dari Sang Rasul Pesuruh Allah s.a.w.

    Sejak saat itu, sekelompok besar orang-orang yang telah dipengaruhi beliau mulai berkumpul mengelilingi beliau dan membantunya dalam perjuangan da‘wah maupun keteguhan beliau dalam mengajar di berbagai kota besar maupun kecil di Yaman Utara. Pada masa ini, beliau mulai mengunjungi banyak kota-kota maupun masyarakat diseluruh Yaman, mulai dari kota Ta\’iz di utara, untuk belajar ilmu dari mufti Ta‘iz al-Habib Ibrahim bin Aqil bin Yahya yang mulai menunjukkan pada beliau perhatian dan cinta yang besar sebagaimana ia mendapatkan perlakuan yang sama dari Shaikh al-Habib Muhammad al-Haddar sehingga ia memberikan puterinya untuk dinikahi setelah menyaksikan bahwa dalam diri beliau terdapat sifat-sifat kejujuran dan kepintaran yang agung.

    Tak lama setelah itu, beliau melakukan perjalanan melelahkan demi melakukan ibadah Haji di Mekkah dan untuk mengunjungi makam Rasul s.a.w di Madinah. Dalam perjalanannya ke Hijaz, beliau diberkahi kesempatan untuk mempelajari beberapa kitab dari para ulama terkenal disana, terutama dari al-Habib \’Abdul Qadir bin Ahmad al-Saqqaf yang menyaksikan bahwa di dalam diri ‘Umar muda, terdapat semangat pemuda yang penuh cinta kepada Allah dan Rasul-Nya s.a.w dan sungguh-sungguh tenggelam dalam penyebaran ilmu dan keadilan terhadap sesama umat manusia sehingga beliau dicintai al-Habib Abdul Qadir salah seorang guru besarnya. Begitu pula beliau diberkahi untuk menerima ilmu dan bimbingan dari kedua pilar keadilan di Hijaz, yakni al-Habib Ahmed Mashur al-Haddad dan al-Habib \’Attas al-Habashi.

    Sejak itulah nama al-Habib Umar bin Hafiz mulai tersebar luas terutama dikarenakan kegigihan usaha beliau dalam menyerukan agama Islam dan memperbaharui ajaran-ajaran awal yang tradisional. Namun kepopuleran dan ketenaran yang besar ini tidak sedikitpun mengurangi usaha pengajaran beliau, bahkan sebaliknya, ini menjadikannya mendapatkan sumber tambahan dimana tujuan-tujuan mulia lainnya dapat dipertahankan. Tiada waktu yang terbuang sia-sia, setiap saat dipenuhi dengan mengingat Allah dalam berbagai manifestasinya, dan dalam berbagai situasi dan lokasi yang berbeda. Perhatiannya yang mendalam terhadap membangun keimanan terutama pada mereka yang berada didekatnya, telah menjadi salah satu dari perilaku beliau yang paling terlihat jelas sehingga membuat nama beliau tersebar luas bahkan hingga sampai ke Dunia Baru.

    Negara Oman akan menjadi fase berikutnya dalam pergerakan menuju pembaharuan abad ke-15. Setelah menyambut baik undangan dari sekelompok Muslim yang memiliki hasrat dan keinginan menggebu untuk menerima manfaat dari ajarannya, beliau meninggalkan tanah kelahirannya dan tidak kembali hingga beberapa tahun kemudian. Bibit-bibit pengajaran dan kemuliaan juga ditanamkan di kota Shihr di Yaman timur, kota pertama yang disinggahinya ketika kembali ke Hadramaut, Yaman. Disana ajaran-ajaran beliau mulai tertanam dan diabadikan dengan pembangunan Ribat al-Mustafa. Ini merupakan titik balik utama dan dapat memberi tanda lebih dari satu jalan, dalam hal melengkapi aspek teoritis dari usaha ini dan menciptakan bukti-bukti kongkrit yang dapat mewakili pengajaran-pengajaran di masa depan.

    Kepulangannya ke Tarim menjadi tanda sebuah perubahan mendasar dari tahun-tahun yang ia habiskan untuk belajar, mengajar, membangun mental agamis orang-orang disekelilingnya, menyebarkan seruan dan menyerukan yang benar serta melarang yang salah. Dar-al-Mustafa menjadi hadiah beliau bagi dunia, dan di pesantren itu pulalah dunia diserukan. Dalam waktu yang dapat dikatakan demikian singkat, penduduk Tarim akan menyaksikan berkumpulnya pada murid dari berbagai daerah yang jauh bersatu di satu kota yang hampir terlupakan ketika masih dikuasai para pembangkang komunis. Murid-murid dari Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapura, Kepulauan Comoro, Tanzania, Kenya, Mesir, Inggris, Pakistan, Amerika Serikat dan Kanada, juga negara-negara Arab lain dan negara bagian di Arab akan diawasi secara langsung oleh Habib Umar. Mereka ini akan menjadi perwakilan dan penerus dari apa yang kini telah menjadi perjuangan asli demi memperbaharui ajaran Islam tradisional di abad ke-15 setelah hari kebangkitan. Berdirinya berbagai institusi Islami serupa di Yaman dan di negara-negara lain dibawah manajemen al-Habib Umar akan menjadi sebuah tonggak utama dalam penyebaran Ilmu dan perilaku mulia serta menyediakan kesempatan bagi orang-orang awam yang kesempatan tersebut dahulunya telah dirampas dari mereka.

    Habib ‘Umar kini tinggal di Tarim, Yaman dimana beliau mengawasi perkembangan di Dar al-Mustafa dan berbagai sekolah lain yang telah dibangun dibawah manajemen beliau. Beliau masih memegang peran aktif dalam penyebaran agama Islam, sedemikian aktifnya sehingga beliau meluangkan hampir sepanjang tahunnya mengunjungi berbagai negara di seluruh dunia demi melakukan kegiatan-kegiatan mulianya.

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